Wednesday, April 9, 2008
Bamburgh is a large village on the coast of Northumberland, England.
It is notable for two reasons: the imposing Bamburgh Castle, overlooking the beach, seat of the former Kings of Northumbria, and at present owned by the Armstrong family (see William George Armstrong); and its association with the Victorian heroine, Grace Darling.
For these reasons, and for its extensive sandy beach which was awarded the Blue Flag rural beach award in 2005. The Bamburgh Dunes an area of sand dunes which are a Site of Special Scientific Interest stand behind the award winning beach. Bamburgh is popular with holidaymakers and is within the Northumberland Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
Bamburgh Castle, then called Din Guardi, was the capital of the British kingdom of Bryneich between about AD 420 and 547. In 547 the castle was taken by the invading Angles led by Ida son of Eoppa and was renamed Bebbanburgh by one of his successors, Æthelfrith, after Æthelfrith's wife Bebba, according to the Historia Brittonum. From then onwards the castle became the capital of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia until it merged with its southern neighbour, Deira, in 634. After the two realms united as Northumbria the capital was moved to York.
Henry VI ruled all England (in name) from Bamburgh in 1464, during the Wars of the Roses. The castle was eventually reduced by artillery.
Thomas Malory considered Bamburgh to be Lancelot's castle Joyous Gard. The Victorian poet Algernon Swinburne agreed and called it "The noblest hold in all the North."
"They saw the help and strength of Joyous Gard,
The full deep glorious tower that stands
Between the wild sea and the broad wild lands..."
Swinburne swam here, as did the novelist E. M. Forster who adopted the Forsters of Bamburgh as his ancestors.
Æthelfrith of Northumbria
William George Armstrong
King Henry VI
Ida of Bernicia
Posted by qwertyuio at 11:09 AM